The Early Universe
The aim of the course is to familiarize students with modern theories of cosmology and particle physics in the early universe and how they explain the formation of matter and the present evolution of our universe. The course will cover the thermal history of the early universe, the theory of inflation, evidence for dark matter and dark energy, and the growth of structure and the formation of galaxies. Students will gain experience in interpreting data and an overview of classic scientific literature. The course will establish a solid foundation for a M.Sc. project in cosmology, astrophysics or particle physics.
To achieve the goals of the course and exam the students should be able to describe:
- The dynamical evolution of the expanding universe in the standard cosmological model and its dependence on the matter and energy content of the universe
- The motivation for inflation and its physical consequences
- The Hot Big Bang and the thermal history of the universe
- The origin and basic interpretation of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB)
- Examples of evidence for Dark Matter and Dark Energy and possible explanations for their origin
- Basic principles of structure formation and galaxy formation
The student is expected to gain the ability to:
- Perform analytic and numerical calculations of the dynamics of an expanding universe
- Perform numerical calculations of structure formation in a range of cosmological models
- Summarise and critically interpret fundamental scientific articles within the field
The course will provide students with an overview of the connections between modern cosmology, astrophysics and particle physics. Students will gain the knowledge and skills to be able to critically evaluate the standard cosmological model, observational evidence for the model and its limitations, in preparation for MSc projects.
Lectures and exercises, including computer exercises, student presentations.
See Absalon for final course material. The following is an example of expected course literature:
D. Bauman, “Cosmology”, 2022
J. Peacock, “Cosmological Physics”, 2010
General skills in mathematics and computation, atomic and
nuclear physics are required according to the MSc program in
A BSc course on cosmology and an advanced course on particle physics are recommended for basic knowledge.
Academic qualifications equivalent to a BSc degree are recommended.
- 7,5 ECTS
- Type of assessment
Continuous assessmentWritten assignment, 9 hours
- Type of assessment details
- The final grade will be based on three components:
(i) 7 homework assignments (1/3 of the final grade)
(ii) Presentation of a scientific article (1/3 of the final grade)
(ii) Take-home exam (1/3 of the final grade)
Students must take part in every component in order to pass the course (including all homework assignments). Students do not need to pass every part of the 3 exam components separately, it is enough to pass overall. However, investing the time in doing the homework assignments is considered to be a crucial part of the learning experience for this course and the points gathered from these do carry 1/3 of the final grade.
- All aids allowed
- Marking scale
- 7-point grading scale
- Censorship form
- No external censorship
Several internal examiners
Criteria for exam assessment
The student should convincingly and accurately demonstrate the knowledge, skills and competences described under learning outcome.
Single subject courses (day)
- Practical exercises
- Course number
- 7,5 ECTS
- Programme level
- Full Degree Master
- Block 4
- The number of seats may be reduced in the late registration period
- Study Board of Physics, Chemistry and Nanoscience
- The Niels Bohr Institute
- Faculty of Science
- Charlotte Mason (15-666b64756f727777683170647672714371656c316e7831676e)
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