Process Development and Production of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API)
All relevant subjects related to the chemical process development of biologically active compounds used as pharmaceuticals will be discussed. The course will begin with the discovery synthesis and end with the full-scale production process.
Basic conventions terms and definitions will be discussed. Focus will be placed on scale-up, process optimization, yield considerations, purification, validation, registration, and regulatory approval for new processes.
Various strategies to achieve a safe, more economical, and defensible process will be covered. Other topics to be covered include: Design of Experiments, route scouting, telescoping, 2nd generation processes, process monitoring, selection of appropriate in-process controls, process analytical technology (PAT), thermogravimetric analysis, reaction calorimetry, and differential scanning calorimetry.
Examples of process developments will be given both for small molecular compounds and biopharmaceuticals.
Further subjects are quality assurance, GLP and GMP considerations, Quality-by-Design (QbD), environmental considerations, life cycle management, emission limits and monitoring, resource consumption and CO2-emission, safety, hazard and operability, risk assessment and handling excessive reaction conditions.
Master's Programme in Industrial Drug Development -
Compulsory for Master of Industrial Drug Development (MIND) students, elective for other part-time master's students at the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences (subject to study board approval) and open for freelance students who meet the admission criteria.
The course is intended for drug development professionals with contact to chemical process development.
The development of a safe and efficient manufacturing process of
an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) or bulk drug substance is
a substantial undertaking. A successful endeavour requires solving
problems within synthetic organic, bioorganic, physical organic,
analytical and environmental chemistry, engineering, and economics.
An understanding of chemical development and the particular
challenges during each phase is the primary focus of this course. A
combination of theory and practice using fresh examples from
industry and the literature will create the foundation for solid
decision-making skills and an understanding of the trade
Upon successful completion of the course, participants are expected to:
- The course will make the participants familiar with the terms, principles and methods used in developing a chemical or biological process from discovery to routine manufacturing.
- The participants will be able to discuss different aspects and solutions to problems in a broad range covering scale-up, organization, planning, process monitoring, validation, life cycle management, registration, resource consumption, environmental and safety issues.
The course provides a solid introduction to working in process development. The successful participant will have the necessary knowledge in the area to
- Closely interact with specialists and work as project leader where process development is a part of the project
- Identify and explain common risks and problems in process development
- Compute and critically apply various process metrics
The course is organized as an intensive 5-day course comprising
lectures, workshops, plenary discussion and problem solving of
Lectures are based upon a combination of selected material from the textbook, scientific papers and the lecturers' own work and experiences. The workshops encourage the participants to actively propose solutions to challenges that often occur during process development, based on relevant examples found in the current literature.
The syllabus corresponds to about 200 pages in the textbook Practical Process Research and Development by Neal G. Anderson, Academic Press Inc., U.S., 2000. (ISBN 0-12-059475-7). In addition, 2-3 case studies reported in current journal articles will be subject to analysis. Lecture materials will be provided as handouts. Purchase of the textbook is optional; however, process chemists will find the text highly useful in their daily work.
It is necessary to understand a basic level of chemistry.
Applicants must meet the following criteria:
• A relevant bachelor degree or equivalent
• A minimum of 2 years of relevant job experience
• Proficiency in English
Application deadline is 8 weeks before the first day of instruction.
- 3 ECTS
- Type of assessment
Written examination, 2 hours under invigilation
- Type of assessment details
- Examination design: The examination consists of a multiple choice test and of 1-2 literate problems based on a case story.
- Only certain aids allowed
Find more information about written on-site exams in the exam rooms, incl. information about standard programs on the exam PCs at KUnet - Study Information - Exam types and rules - Written on-site exam (ITX).
- Marking scale
- 7-point grading scale
- Censorship form
- External censorship
Criteria for exam assessment
The examination will monitor the knowledge, skills and competences of the participants using the following criteria:
- the understanding of the terms, principles and methods used in developing a chemical or biological process from discovery to routine manufacturing.
- the ability to discuss different aspects and solutions to problems in a broad range covering scale-up, organization, planning, process monitoring, validation, life cycle management, registration, resource consumption, environmental and safety issues.
- the competence to identify and explain common risks and problems in process development
- to compute and critically apply various process metrics
Part time Master and Diploma courses
- Theory exercises
- Course number
- 3 ECTS
- Programme level
- Part Time Master
EU/EEA citizens DKK 12,900. (Non-EU/EEA citizens please see MIND homepage). Fee includes course materials and lunch/coffee. Prices may be subject to change. Textbook must be purchased by the participants.
Offered spring 2023
- 32 participants
- Study Board for the Professionel Master´s Degree Programmes at The Faculty og Health and Medical Science
- Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology
- Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences
- Fredrik Björkling (2-75714f82847d733d7a843d737a)
- Jesper Langgaard Kristensen (17-76717f7c717e3a777e757f80717a7f717a4c7f817a703a77813a7077)
List of lecturers may be subject to change.
Michael J. Mealy, H. Lundbeck A/S
Claus Ulrich Jessen, Novo Nordisk A/S
Lisbeth Kværnø, H. Lundbeck A/S
Michael J. Mealy, H. Lundbeck A/S
Hans Petersen, H. Lundbeck A/S
Michael Bech Sommer, Zacco A/S
Niels Østergaard, Cheminova A/S
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