Applied Python Programming for Bio- Medical-sciences

Course content

Many different areas of biosciences struggle with two large challenges. Firstly the amount of data that can be generated by just one experiment in very short time can be huge and a meaningful filtering can only be carried out by computational means. Secondly, processing of data can often at best be made with existing webservers, but even in that case output data from one webserver often needs to be converted and filtered to be suitable for input to another and given the quantities of data this is often not feasible to do by hand. Knowing basic programming is therefore an essential skill for a person working in the biosciences.

The aim of the course is to make the students able to analyze and process large biological data sets by writing and running Python programs. The course gives an introduction to data processing and filtering using the programming language Python. Thus the main part of the course is to introduce the programming language Python itself. The course is aimed at students with no prior programming experience.

The course will cover how to learn new concepts in the Python language. The outset is specific cases from biosciences, and the student learns by analyzing and redesigning existing pre-designed code that process data for the specific cases.

With outset in the cases the pre-designed code will be analyzed and concepts introduced as the different code pieces are introduced through their specific applications. The cases will complement each other concepts and the technical level will be increased from case to case. Through the cases it will also be demonstrated how to design a modular chain of programs of which some can be used in multiple contexts. Some Python programs can for example be general by converting one data format to another and can therefore be reused in multiple contexts. Overall the most common and useful features of the language will be introduced. Including:

* Printing to the screen

* Single value variables

* Multi-value variables like list, tuples and dictionaries

* If, elif, else control structure

* Loops

* Functions

* Introduction to classes

* Introduction to packages like Numpy and Matplotlib

* Working with files

* Writing results to a file

Jupyter notebooks will be introduced.

The course will also introduce how to write well structured code. This will include splitting code into smaller functions and the usage of packages.
 

Education

MSc Programme in Biotechnology
MSc Programme in Molecular Biomedicine

Learning outcome

To perfectly comply with the course requirements the students should be able to acquire the following:

Knowledge:
Read and understand Python scripts for analyzing biological data. Search for information about parts of the Python language the student is not familiar with.

Skills:
Design the flow of how data can be processed and identify which Python programs are needed. Write Python scripts and solve problems by modifying existing Python code which solves similar problems. Solve small novel problems. Write code that is free from errors.

Competences:
Work with basic Python syntax. Design of a flow where consecutive Python program are needed to process the data and where a Python program can be used multiple contexts.
 

The course is based on cases on data processing from biosciences. Except for a few introductions and results sessions the students will be working cases directly on the computers. Follow up on the cases will be given in the class room or as videos when needed. In the first half of the course, the students will be provided with cases containing pre-designed Python programs for analysing the respective cases. The student will have to modify the code in these. In later cases the student will be expected to write more of the programs themselves.
In the last half of the course the students will work on a project where they will be able to use their own data (or on data provided). In this part they will have to write their own Python programs and possibly integrate them with existing modules and programs. In addition to learning how to make small Python programs the students will also build up a library of tools to solve specific problems with in their studies. The students will be able to use the Windows, Apple, or Linux systems as they see fit.

* Handouts

* Videos from Absalon and YouTube

* How to Think Like a Computer Scientist: Learning with Python 3 Documentation. Release 3rd edition. Peter Wentworth, Jeffrey Elkner, Allen B. Downey, and Chris Meyers http://www.ict.ru.ac.za/Resources/cspw/thinkcspy3/thinkcspy3.pdf

Oral
Individual
Collective
Continuous feedback during the course of the semester
ECTS
7,5 ECTS
Type of assessment
Written assignment
The exam is a project where the student in colboration with the superviser chooses a subject and some data to analyse. The end result consists of two parts:
1: The code developed during the project in the form of a Jupyter notebook, one or more scripts or libraries.
2: A report describing the projects.

It is important that the Python code can run, and is free of significant errors. The code should be well documented, almost at a line by line level, to show that the student understands what the code does.

The report should have the following sections:
1: Introduction. A brief background and motivation to the problem addressed
2: Materials. A description of the data used in the project, with a description of how the data and the data format affects the code.
3: Methods. A description of the code layout and the flow of the scripts/code. Which functions are there and how are they used.
4: Results. A short description of what came out of the project.
Aid
All aids allowed
Marking scale
passed/not passed
Censorship form
No external censorship
More than one internal examiner
Criteria for exam assessment

As described in "Learning outcome" as well as how the report has been written up and fullfill the listed criteria.

Single subject courses (day)

  • Category
  • Hours
  • Preparation
  • 42
  • Theory exercises
  • 36
  • Project work
  • 124
  • Guidance
  • 4
  • English
  • 206