Sedimentary Deposits: Modern and Ancient

Course content

The course is composed of theory and case studies. The theory part comprises an introduction to tools, principles and concepts used in the classification and description of sedimentary environments and sedimentary deposits. Emphasis is given to clastic terrigenous sedimentary deposits. Sedimentary structures, which have a key role to play in the interpretation of sedimentary processes, are treated. Sedimentary facies, facies analysis and facies models are explained and the concept of facies architecture is introduced. Cases deal with a number of modern sedimentary environments and their deposits including aeolian dunes, beach and beach-ridge systems, and meandering rivers. These case studies are supplemented by cases describing ancient sediments, inlcuding dune and river deposits. Sedimentary deposits and successions are explained in a palaeogeographical, palaeoclimatic, and sequence-stratigraphical context.  Cases selected may change from year to year. Teaching is based on up-to date scientific papers on selected topics.


MSc Programme in Geology-Geoscience 

Learning outcome


A knowledge of important sedimentary structures and their genesis

A knowledge of the concepts of facies analysis

A knowledge of the important sediment types in selected modern sedimentary systems

A knowledge of important facies in selected ancient sedimentary systems

A knowledge of the formation of selected sedimentary systems in relation to climatic factors and sea level  



To critically evaluate scientific literature

To describe and interpret correctly important sedimentary structures

To describe and interpret correctly sedimentary deposits

To place ancient sedimentary deposits (facies) in a correct palaeoenvironmental, and palaeoclimatic context



To read scientific literature on modern and ancient sedimentary facies

To classify sedimentary structures

To identify, describe and interpret sedimentary facies

To write a concise report

The form of teaching is theory exercises combined with ad hoc lectures. For the teaching plan, please see Absalon.

See Absalon.

BSc in Geology-Geoscience or equivalent is recommended.

Continuous feedback during the course of the semester
7,5 ECTS
Type of assessment
Written assignment, Ongoing
Oral examination, 20 minutes
The written assignment is prepared during the course and must be handed in prior to the exam week. The oral exam uses the written assignment as its point of departure. It includes the titles listed in the officially approved reading list. A combined grade is given after the oral exam.
All aids allowed
Marking scale
7-point grading scale
Censorship form
External censorship
Criteria for exam assessment

Please see learning outcome.

Single subject courses (day)

  • Category
  • Hours
  • Preparation
  • 171
  • Theory exercises
  • 35
  • English
  • 206