Water Resources (part 1)

Course content

The course integrates the disciplines geology, hydrology, hydrogeology, groundwater-surface interactions, and streamflow. Development of complex 3D geological models using GeoScene 3D geological modeling and visualization software. Uncertainty of geological models. Fundamentals of groundwater flow, flow pattern and groundwater – surface water interaction in relation to climate, topography, and geological composition. Application of GMS modeling software for simulating groundwater flow, streamlines, groundwater ages, groundwater-surface water interaction, streamflow, and flow budgets.


MSc Programme in Geology-Geoscience

Learning outcome


  • Understand hydrological fluxes at catchment scale

  • Understand rainfall-runoff relationships

  • Understand how topography, climate, and geological settings are drivers for groundwater flow

  • Understand groundwater – surface water interaction

  • Develop geological models for use in groundwater flow and transport simulations

  • Develop and calibrate groundwater models

  • Analyze travel path lines and ground ages

  • Skills:

  • Use of state-of-the-art modelling and visualization software for development of quantitative 3-dimensional quantitative geological models for use in groundwater modelling at catchment scale

  • Use of state-of-the-art modelling and visualization software for development of 3-dimensional groundwater flow and transport models at catchment scale

  • Calibrate of groundwater models against measurments of groundwater levels and streamflow

  • Compute groundwater pathlines and groundwater ages

  • Compute groudwater-surface water interaction

  • Water resources investigations at catchment scale


  • Read and comprehend international literature on water resources and related supporting disciplines

  • Digital competences through collection and critical assessment of on geology, hydrogeology, and hydrology

  • Develop geological models of relevance for groundwater modelling

  • Develop and calibrate groundwater models for analyzing groundwater flow problems

  • Analyze the impact of the geological settings on subsurface flow, flow lines, and groundwater-surface water interaction

  • Analyze and assess hydrology, water balance and water resources at catchment scale for sustainable water resources management

  • Report water resources analysis

The form of teaching is theory exercises combined with ad hoc lectures. For the teaching plan, please see Absalon.

Please see Absalon course page.

BSc in Geology-Geoscience or equivalent.

Continuous feedback during the course of the semester
Feedback by final exam (In addition to the grade)
7,5 ECTS
Type of assessment
Written assignment, during course
Oral examination, 20 minutter
The written assignment is prepared during the course and must be handed in prior to the exam week. The oral exam uses the written assignment as its point of departure. It includes the titles listed in the officially approved reading list. A combined grade is given after the oral exam.
Without aids
Marking scale
7-point grading scale
Censorship form
External censorship
Criteria for exam assessment

Please see learning outcome.

Single subject courses (day)

  • Category
  • Hours
  • Preparation
  • 171
  • Theory exercises
  • 35
  • English
  • 206