Plant Breeding

Course content

The major goal of the course is to provide basic knowledge about technology and theory from genetics, physiology and genomics used to improve cultivated plants and to enable discussion of genetic diversity and its importance for sustainable plant production in agriculture, horticulture and forestry.

  • Genetic resources, mating systems, incompatibility,
  • male sterility
  • Mutations, polyploidy, double haploids, SSD and in vitro cultures
  • Molecular markers, population genetics and marker assisted selection
  • Quantitative traits, genetic variances, heritability, selection, QTL, genetics of disease resistance
  • The 8 new plant breeding technologies
  • Cultivars of inbreeders, lines and hybrids
  • Cultivars of outbreeders, populations, hybrids, species hybridisation and combining ability
  • Plant cultivar protection, legislation, patenting and transgenic
  • Excursion to GenBank and breeding stations
Education

BSc Programme in Biology-Biotechnology

Learning outcome


After completing the course the students should be able to:

Knowledge

  • Describe basic genetics, in vitro culture and propagation systems for plant improvement
  • Describe systems for mutation, double haploidy and polyploidy manipulation and major incompatibility and sterility systems for plant breeding
  • Describe the main principles of the new plant breeding technologies
  • Describe principles of quantitative genetics, heritability and selection theory


Skills

  • Combine basic knowledge with information of mating control systems, selection systems and propagation methods to obtain improved cultivars of inbreeders, outbreeders and vegetatively propagated plant species
  • Use basic principles of cultivar protection, legislation and patenting in plant improvement programs with traditional and molecular techniques


Competences

  • Use basic knowledge in collaboration with co-students to perform simple breeding related projects and reports
  • Evaluate potential of new genetic resources for improved crop production systems
  • Evaluate alternative breeding approaches to improve different crop species and introduce new genetic diversity

A combination of foundation lectures, calculation exercises, practicals, excursions to breeding industry, self studies, individual presentation of case study and discussion.

Learning book, supplemental written material and simulation software. See Absalon for course literature.

Qualification corresponding to one of following courses LBIF10183 Genetics; LBIF10184E Molekylær Genetik or NPLB13001E Plant Genomics and at least two years of study experience

Oral
Individual
Continuous feedback during the course of the semester
Peer feedback (Students give each other feedback)

Oral feedback on written assignment on breeding case study

Oral and peerfeedback on presentation of case study

ECTS
7,5 ECTS
Type of assessment
Written examination, 4 hours under invigilation
Written examination.
Aid
All aids allowed
Marking scale
7-point grading scale
Censorship form
No external censorship
One internal examiner
Criteria for exam assessment

see learning outcome

Single subject courses (day)

  • Category
  • Hours
  • Lectures
  • 74
  • Theory exercises
  • 30
  • Practical exercises
  • 10
  • Exam
  • 4
  • Preparation
  • 60
  • Excursions
  • 10
  • Project work
  • 20
  • English
  • 208