Stochastic Processes 2

Course content

  • Sequences of random variables, almost sure convergence, Kolmogorov's 0-1 law.
  • The strong law of large numbers.
  • Weak convergence of probability measures. Characteristic functions.
  • The central limit theorem. Triangular arrays and Lindebergs condition. The multivariate central limit theorem.
  • The ergodic theorem.

BSc Programme in Actuarial Mathematics

Learning outcome


  • Fundamental convergence concepts and results in probability theory.

Skills: Ability to

  • use the results obtained in the course to verify almost sure convergence or convergence in law of a sequence of random variables.
  • verify conditions for the central limit theorem to hold.
  • translate between sequences of random variables and iterative compositions of maps.

Competences: Ability to

  • formulate and prove probabilistic results on limits of an infinite sequence of random variables.
  • discuss the differences between the convergence concepts.



5 hours of lectures and 3 hours of exercises per week for 7 weeks.

Mål- og integralteori (MI)

The course is equivalent to the course Advanced Probability Theory 1 (VidSand1) (NMAK11003U)

Continuous feedback during the course of the semester

Written feedback in the form of comments to the compulsory

Oral feedback during exercise classes, as a response to the
contribution of the students to the solution process of the


7,5 ECTS
Type of assessment
Written examination, 4 hours under invigilation
All aids allowed
Marking scale
7-point grading scale
Censorship form
No external censorship
One internal examiner.
Criteria for exam assessment

The student must in a satisfactory way demonstrate that he/she has mastered the learning outcome of the course.

Single subject courses (day)

  • Category
  • Hours
  • Lectures
  • 35
  • Theory exercises
  • 21
  • Preparation
  • 147
  • Exam
  • 3
  • English
  • 206