Groundwater Exploitation and Protection

Course content

Groundwater modeling principles, model types, terminology. Development of conceptual geological and hydrogeological models. Mathematical and numerical principles, initial and boundary conditions. Development of 3D groundwater models. Data requirements. Discretization, parameterization, accuracy criteria. Manual calibration and validation of groundwater models. Automated parameter optimization, sparsely and highly parameterized model calibration. Simulation of particle pathways and travel times. Infiltration areas, capture zones, groundwater protection. Scale issues and heterogeneity. Stochastic analysis and uncertainty assessments.


MSc Programme in Geology-Geoscience

MSc Programme in Environmental Science

Learning outcome


  • Groundwater modeling principles, model types, terminology
  • Development of conceptual geological and hydrogeological models
  • Mathematical and numerical principles, boundary conditions
  • Data requirements
  • Discretization, parameterization, accuracy criteria
  • Automated sparsely and highly parameterized model calibration
  • Stochastic analysis and uncertainty assessments


  • Development of 3D groundwater models
  • Calibration and validation of groundwater models
  • Simulation of particle pathways and travel times; infiltration areas, capture zones, groundwater protection
  • Scale issues and heterogeneity
  • Development of geological and hydrogeological conceptual models as a basis for development of groundwater models
  • Application of groundwater models for assessment of groundwater recharge, flow pathways, travel times, capture zones, groundwater zonation


  • Collection and analysis of relevant data in relation to assessments of groundwater utilization and protection
  • Analysis of incoming and outgoing fluxes to an aquifer system
  • Development of geological and hydrogeological conceptual models
  • Setup and calibration a groundwater model
  • Application of a groundwater model for resources and protection assessments

The form of teaching is theory exercises combined with ad hoc lectures. For the teaching plan, please see Absalon.

Please see Absalon course page.

BSc in Geology-Geoscience or equivalent is recommended.

Continuous feedback during the course of the semester
Feedback by final exam (In addition to the grade)
7,5 ECTS
Type of assessment
Written assignment, during course
Oral examination, 20 minutes
The written assignment is prepared during the course and must be handed in prior to the exam week. The oral exam uses the written assignment as its point of departure. It includes the titles listed in the officially approved reading list. A combined grade is given after the oral exam.
All aids allowed
Marking scale
7-point grading scale
Censorship form
External censorship
Criteria for exam assessment

Please sse learning outcome.

Single subject courses (day)

  • Category
  • Hours
  • Theory exercises
  • 35
  • Project work
  • 35
  • Preparation
  • 136
  • English
  • 206