Econometrics II

Course content

Econometrics II gives a detailed account of principles for estimation and inference based on the likelihood function and based on generalized method of moments estimation with application to cross-sectional data and time series data.


In addition, Econometrics II presents the econometric analysis of time series data, applying the concepts of non-stationarity, unit roots, co-integration, vector autoregressions, and autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (ARCH).


As an integral part of the course, students will learn how to carry out, present, and discuss an empirical analysis on their own.


Bacheloruddannelsen i økonomi – Obligatorisk fag på 3. år

The Danish BSc programme in Economics - mandatory course at the 3rd year

Learning outcome

After completing the course the student is expected to be able to:



  • Account for the different principles for estimation and inference – specifically the method of maximum likelihood, the (generalized) method of moments – and discuss relative advantages and drawbacks.
  • Give a precise definition and interpretation of the concept of stationarity of time series data, and precisely describe the conditions for consistent estimation and valid inference in a statistical model.
  • Give a precise definition of the concept of unit roots, explain the consequences of unit roots in economic time series data, and interpret statistical models for stationary and non-stationary time series.
  • Give a precise definition and interpretation of the concepts cointegration and error correction, and give an account of statistical models based on cointegration and error correction.
  • Give a precise definition and interpretation of the concept of autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (ARCH), and give an account of statistical models with ARCH in financial time series.



  • Identify the characteristic properties of a given data set of economic time series and suggest and construct relevant statistical models.
  • Derive estimators of the statistical model’s parameters using the principles of method of moments and maximum likelihood. Estimate and interpret the parameters.
  • Construct misspecification tests and analyze to what extent a statistical model is congruent with the data.
  • Construct statistical tests for unit roots in economic time series.
  • Construct statistical tests for cointegration in economic time series.
  • Formulate economic questions as hypotheses on the parameters of the statistical model and test these hypotheses.
  • Use statistical and econometric software to carry out an empirical analysis.
  • Present a statistical model and empirical results in a clear and concise way. This includes using statistic and econometric terms in a correct way, giving statistically sound and economically relevant interpretations of statistical results, and presenting results in a way so that they can be reproduced by others.



  • Choose the relevant statistical model given the characteristics of a given data set of economic time series and apply the statistical tools to carry out, present, and discuss an empirical analysis and test specific economic hypotheses.
  • Read and critically evaluate research papers containing applied econometric time series analyses.


Lectures and exercise classes.

Activities to challenge and activate students, such as in quizzes and peer-discussions, are used in lectures and as preparation. The exercise classes are both theoretical and applied with written assignment covering important topics in the course. Some of the exercise classes will be organized as workshops with all students together.

Marno Verbeek: A Guide to Modern Econometrics, 5th Ed., Wiley. ISBN 978-1-119-472117.

Lecture notes.

The course requires knowledge equivalent to that achieved in 'Probability Theory and Statistics' and Econometrics I at the Study of Economics, University of Copenhangen.


Autumn 2019:
2x2 hour lectures each week from week 36 to 50 (except week 42).
2 hours of workshops/exercise classes from week 36/37 to 50 (except week 42).

Spring 2020:
2x2 hour lectures each week from week 6 to 20 (except holidays).
2 hours of workshops/exercise classes each week from week 6/7 to 21 (except holidays).

The overall schema for the BA 3rd year and Master can be seen at KUnet:
MSc in Economics => "Courses and teaching" => "Planning and overview" => "Your timetable"
BA i Økonomi/KA i Økonomi => "Kurser og undervisning" => "Planlægning og overblik" => "Dit skema"

Timetable and venue:
To see the time and location of lectures and exercise classes please press the link/links under "Se skema" (See schedule) at the right side of this page (E means Autumn, F means Spring). The lectures is shown in each link.

You can find the similar information in English at
-Select Department: “2200-Økonomisk Institut” (and wait for respond)
-Select Module:: “2200-E19; [Name of course]” or “2200-F20; [Name of course]”
-Select Report Type: “List – Week Days”
-Select Period: “Efterår/Autumn – Weeks 31-5” or “Forår/Spring – Week 5-30”
Press: “ View Timetable”

Please be aware of the rules regarding exercise classes:
- The schedule of the exercise classes is only a pre-planned schedule and can be changed until the teaching begins without the participants accept. If this happens changes can be seen in your personal timetable at KUNet or in the app myUCPH and at the links in the right side.
- That the study administration allocates the students to the exercise classes according to the principles stated in the KUnet.
- If too many students have wished a specific class, students will be registered randomly at another class.
- It is not possible to change class after the second registration period has expired.
- If there is not enough registered students or available teachers, the exercise classes may be jointed.
- The student is not allowed to participate in an exercise class not registered, because the room has only seats for the amount of registered students.
- The teacher of the exercise class cannot correct assignments from other students than the registered students in the exercise class except with group work across the classes.

Continuous feedback during the course of the semester
Peer feedback (Students give each other feedback)

Assignments handed in for anonymous peer feedback will receive written feedback from two fellow students based on criteria set up by the lecturer. Students will rate the feedback received.

The lecturer will, if deemed relevant, provide oral collective feedback in lectures based on a sample of the assignments. Continuous feedback is available from online review quizzes that help students test their understanding of the curriculum and from teaching assistants in exercise classes.

7,5 ECTS
Type of assessment
Portfolio, 7 days for Autumn 2019/ 48 hours for Spring 2020
The final exam is a written assignment consisting of three parts. The first two parts are based on two of the assignments worked with during the semester. Students can use the peer feedback they receive during the semester to improve these assignments for the final exam. The third part of the exam is a new assignment.

The written exam (all three parts) can be handed in individually or by groups of maximum three students. The plagiarism rules must be complied and please be aware of the rules for co-writing assignments. The exam is given in English and must be answered in English. The final exam must be uploaded to the Digital Exam portal in one file.
All aids allowed

All aids are allowed for the regular written exam.


Aids are allowed at the examination


Marking scale
7-point grading scale
Censorship form
No external censorship
Criteria for exam assessment

Students are assessed on the extent to which they master the learning outcome for the course.


To receive the top grade, the student must with no or only a few minor weaknesses be able to demonstrate an excellent performance displaying a high level of command of all aspects of the relevant material and can make use of the knowledge, skills and competencies listed in the learning outcomes.

Single subject courses (day)

  • Category
  • Hours
  • Exam
  • 24
  • Preparation
  • 98
  • Lectures
  • 56
  • Class Exercises
  • 28
  • English
  • 206