Introduction to Nuclear and Particle Physics
Course content
The purpose of this course is to give an introduction to the modern description of nature's smallest units, the subatomic systems at the femtoscale: atomic nuclei and elementary particles.
The course will cover the theoretical and experimental advances which have lead to the current understanding of physics at the subatomic scale, as well as outline the currently open questions in subatomic physics.
More specifically, the course will cover the following topics:
 Symmetries and conservations laws in nuclear and particle physics.
 Relativistic kinematics and applications in high energy reactions.
 The Standard Model theory: fundamental particles (quarks and leptons), and their interactions.
 The Higgs and the origin of mass. Neutrino oscillations and masses.
 Ultrarelativistic nucleus collisions, quarkgluon plasma in the early universe and in the laboratory.
 Nuclear models (liquid drop, shell and collective model).
 The nucleonnucleon interaction.
 Models of alpha, beta and gamma decay, fission.
 Nuclear astrophysics, primordial and stellar nucleosynthesis.
BSc Programme in Physics
Skills
When the course is finished it is expected that the student is able
to:
 Use conservations laws in nuclear and particle physics, to determine which nuclear processes and particle processes are allowed and why.
 Give an account of nuclear and particle phenomenology in terms of the subatomic particles and interactions and demonstrate understanding of relevant energy scales, and quantum numbers.

Use relativistic kinematics to calculate the outcome of high energy collisions.

Describe atomic nuclei as a quantum mechanical manybody systems bound by an effective strong interaction. Be able to explain nuclear phenomena and excitations in terms of nuclear models.

Describe properties of nuclear reactions and radioactivity in terms of effective models (alpha, beta and gamma decays) and estimate decay rates and characteristics of fusion and fission reactions.

Explain the important properties of elementary particles, and their interactions, in the Standard Model of particle physics. Describe essential experimental results which have lead to the formulation of the Standard Model.

Formulate the basic elements of calculations of cross sections and decay rates in particle physics.

Use the concept of Feynman diagrams to estimate the rate of particle physics processes, for instance in neutrino scattering, and beta decay.
Knowledge
At the end of the course, students will be familiar with the basic concepts of particle physics and nuclear physics (subatomic physics) . The students will understand the basics of the Standard Model theory for particle physics and basic models describing atomic nuclei and radioactive decays.
The students will be able to explain how nuclear and particle physics phenomena play a role in the description of the evolution of the universe from the Big Bang to present day processes in stars.
Competence
The student learns to apply basic knowledge of e.g. quantum mechanics and special relativity, gained in previous courses, to describe physics phenomena at the subatomic level. The course forms the basis for future studies or projects in particle physics or nuclear physics.
Lectures and exercises
For final course literature see Absalon. The following is an example of suggested course literature:
B.R. Martin. Nuclear and particle physics. Wiley, 2nd ed.
Good level of Classical mechanics, Electromagnetism, Quantum Mechanics, Special Relativity (corresponding to the mandatory courses of the physics B.Sc.).
 ECTS
 7,5 ECTS
 Type of assessment

Continuous assessmentOral examination, about 25 minutesThe exam consists of two parts:
1) 2 takehome exercises during the course
2) oral exam of about 25 minutes, based on a list of topics communicated to the students several weeks before the exam. No preparation time.
The final grade combines the grade from oral exam (80%) and the grade from takehome exercises (20%).
Each part of the exam has to be passed separately in order to pass the course.  Aid
 All aids allowed
 Marking scale
 7point grading scale
 Censorship form
 No external censorship
Several internal examiners
Criteria for exam assessment
See "Learning Outcome".
Single subject courses (day)
 Category
 Hours
 Lectures
 40
 Exercises
 48
 Preparation
 54
 Exam
 64
 English
 206
Kursusinformation
 Language
 English
 Course number
 NFYB13008U
 ECTS
 7,5 ECTS
 Programme level
 Bachelor
 Duration

1 block
 Schedulegroup

C
 Capacity
 Restriction to number of participants: Max 60
 Studyboard
 Study Board of Physics, Chemistry and Nanoscience
Contracting department
 The Niels Bohr Institute
Contracting faculty
 Faculty of Science
Course Coordinators
 Jens Jørgen Gaardhøje (86e68796b6f76716c4775697035727c356b72)
 Peter Henrik Hansen (7766e6774796b744674686f34717b346a71)
Peter Henrik Hansen, phansen@nbi.ku.dk
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