Advanced Operations Research: Stochastic Programming

Course content

This course is about optimization under uncertainty by means of stochastic programming. Special emphasis is placed on different problem formulations and selected scenario generation methods as well as to understand specific properties of stochastic programming problems and how to exploit these properties in various solution methods. Furthermore, the students of this course will independently handle more practical problems by stochastic programming.


A. Stochastic programming problems:

  • A1. Formulation of two-stage and multi-stage recourse problems, simple recourse, linear and integer problems, chance constrained problems.
  • A2. Examples.
  • A3. Implementation and solution of problems in GAMS or other suitable software.
  • A4. Analysis of the solution.


B. Scenario generation:

  • B1. Moment matching.
  • B2. Sampling.
  • B3. Scenario tree construction.
  • B4. The quality of scenario generation methods.


C. Properties of stochastic programming problems:

  • C1. The value of stochastic programming: EVPI and EEV.
  • C2. Structural properties: Continuity and convexity.


D. Solution methods:

  • D1. L-shaped decomposition.
  • D2. Integer L-shaped decomposition.
  • D3. Dual decomposition.


E. Practical aspects and applications:

  • E1. Implementation of a real-life problem using software such as GAMS.
  • E2. Implementation of a solution method using software such as GAMS.
  • E3. Case studies from Energy planning, Finance, Transportation.

MSc Programme in Mathematics-Economics

Learning outcome


  • Formulations of stochastic programming problems.
  • Scenario generation methods.
  • Properties of stochastic programming problems.
  • Solution methods.



  • Formulate two-stage and multi-stage recourse problems
  • Implement and solve a stochastic programming problem in GAMS or other suitable software
  • Apply selected methods to describe the uncertainty of the problem (so-called scenario generation methods)
  • Apply the solution methods presented in the course
  • Implement a solution method using software such as GAMS (in a simplified fashion).
  • Understand and reproduce the proofs presented in the course



  • Work out simple proofs using the same techniques as in the course
  • Discuss the challenges of solving SP problems
  • Explain how to exploit the properties of a given class of SP problems in the design of a solution method
  • Adapt a solution method to a given class of SP problems, and make small changes to and extensions of the method
  • Evaluate the quality of scenario trees
  • Discuss the challenges of modeling and solving practical problems
  • Formulate, implement and solve a practical problem and justify the choice of model formulation, scenario generation method and solution method

2 x 2 hours of lectures and 1 x 2 hours exercises/project work per week for 7 weeks

Operations Research 1 (OR1) or similar is required.
Recommended but not required: One or more of the following courses: Modelling and Implementation and/or Operations Research 2 (OR2)

7,5 ECTS
Type of assessment
Oral examination, 30 minutes
30 minutes oral examination with 30 minutes preparation time.
Written aids allowed
Marking scale
7-point grading scale
Censorship form
No external censorship
Several internal examiners
Criteria for exam assessment

The student must in a satisfactory way demonstrate that he/she has mastered the learning outcome of the course.

Single subject courses (day)

  • Category
  • Hours
  • Lectures
  • 28
  • Theory exercises
  • 14
  • Project work
  • 44
  • Exam
  • 50
  • Preparation
  • 70
  • English
  • 206