RNA Biology

Course content

During the first 6 weeks, central topics in RNA research will be introduced in overview lectures. Topics include mRNA biogenesis and degradation, RNA modifications, small and long non-coding RNA, CRISPR-Cas systems in bacterla antiviral defence and in genome engineering, the RNA world, ribozymes, RNA-binding proteins. Time is also reserved for group work and invited lectures with leading RNA Biology researchers from Danish universities and biotech firms. The project work is in groups of 2-3 students. Each group does a small literature project on a subject related to RNA biology (approx. 6 pages), and each student produces an essay on his/her own. The subjects of the essays are outlined in advance by the teachers and students should choose a subject that they find of particular importance and interest. Essay supervision by the teachers will be scheduled and consists of 2 x 30 min during the 6 weeks. A selection of the finished essays (one essay per topic, and typically around 8 topics in total) will be collected in a compendium, which will serve as curriculum for the exam. Two weeks are reserved for preparation to the exam, during which the groups will meet and answer questions on their project from the other students.



MSc Programme in Bioinformatics
MSc Programme in Biochemistry
MSc Programme in Biology
MSc Programme in Molecular Biomedicine

MSc Programme in Biology with a minor subject

Learning outcome

RNA plays a central role in most key aspects of cellular life. The course will cover some of the basic properties of RNA relating to structure, folding, protein binding and catalysis with special emphasis on functions of RNA related to human health. The course will also give students a thorough introduction to new aspects of RNA biology stemming from the recently discovered pervasive transcription of genomes into different kinds of untranslated RNAs (also known as non-coding RNAs). Other important elements of the course are invited lectures with leading Danish scientists in the field and the writing of a short essay on a selected RNA topic.


At the conclusion of the course, the students should be able to:

  • Understand the principles of RNA structure and discuss how the structure relate to function.
  • Outline the biogenesis and functions of mRNAs, miRNAs, piRNAs, bacterial small RNAs including CRISPR RNAs, snoRNAs, rRNAs, tRNAs, long noncoding RNAs and discuss the functional relevance of these different RNAs.
  • Give examples of how RNA Biology is applied in academic and commercial research.


At the conclusion of the course, the students should be able to:

  • Identify relevant articles from the primary literature to a given subject related to RNA Biology.
  • Write a short and concise essay on a subject within RNA Biology, which will allow fellow students to understand the key points.


At the conclusion of the course, the students should be able to:

  • Identify and communicate key points on a subject within RNA Biology and present these in written and oral form.
  • Formulate questions to and give constructive feedback on projects presented by other students.

See Absalon.

The course is open to students at the master level and others with a relevant background in molecular biology such as students in their final year at the bachelor level.

7,5 ECTS
Type of assessment
Written assignment
Oral examination, 30 min.
Each student is required to write an essay in collaboration with 2 other students. All the essays will be collected in a compendium.

The exam is oral for each student individually and consists of a short presentation/discussion of one essay randomly chosen from the compendium (typically this part of the curriculum is 8-10 different essays). Next the student will get some questions to the essay that the student wrote together with his/her group, followed by questions in the topics covered in the Meister RNA Biology textbook. These questions will not relate to specific details such as the names of protein etc., but rather be focused on concepts and overall mechanisms.

The written essay will count 1/3 and the oral examination 2/3 of the final grade. The grade is given based on an overall assessment of the written assignment and the oral exam.
All aids allowed

Written assignment: All aids allowed

Oral exam: One page with notes

Marking scale
7-point grading scale
Censorship form
No external censorship
Several internal examiners
Criteria for exam assessment

In order to obtain the grade 12 the student should convincingly and accurately demonstrate the knowledge, skills and competences described under Learning Outcome.

Single subject courses (day)

  • Category
  • Hours
  • Exam
  • 0,5
  • Preparation
  • 126,5
  • Lectures
  • 26
  • Colloquia
  • 9
  • Project work
  • 40
  • Theory exercises
  • 3
  • Guidance
  • 1
  • English
  • 206,0