Tissue and Movement Biomechanics

Course content

The objective of the course is to introduce students to original scientific articles in the fields of gait analysis (pathological/normal), sports biomechanics, ergonomics/work environment, muscle and tendon mechanics, tissue biomechanics, motor control and simulation. Students will also perform a practical assignment addressing a specific and classical problem associated with the biomechanics of the locomotor system. Through reading of articles, student presentations and discussions, students shall achieve a critical understanding of problems of basic and applied research concerning the biomechanics of the locomotor system. There will be special focus on the anatomy of the hip joint and the low back, which will be modeled by the use of finite elements (FE). Furthermore, the objective is that students acquire a thorough overview of existing knowledge and methods of modern biomechanical research so that they may themselves initiate independent scientific projects at master thesis level.

Education

MSc Programme in Biomedical Engineering

Learning outcome

At the end of the course, the student shall be able to:

Knowledge

  • examine normal gait function on the basis of inverse dynamics
  • account for clinical gait analysis
  • account for advantages and drawbacks of tree-dimensional motion analyses
  • account for biomechanical examination of running
  • account for storage and reuse of elastic energy in tendons
  • account for differences in vertical jumping with and without counter-movement
  • account for shock absorption when landing from a downward jump
  • describe mechanisms associated with short-range stiffness in muscles
  • account for H reflex studies during walking and running
  • evaluate the use of EMG to force processing
  • studies concerning efficiency and economy of movement

 

Skills

  • use of forward dynamic simulation as described in the literature
  • use of finite element (FE) modeling of bones

 

Competencies

  • be able to evaluate the scientific quality of scientific articles
  • present the contents of a scientific article for fellow students 

Lectures and practical exercises

ECTS
10 ECTS
Type of assessment
Written examination, 4 hours under invigilation
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Aid
All aids allowed

This includes a USB storage device

Marking scale
7-point grading scale
Censorship form
External censorship
Criteria for exam assessment

To achieve the maximum grade of 12, the student shall be able to:

Knowledge

  • examine normal gait function on the basis of inverse dynamics
  • account for clinical gait analysis
  • account for advantages and drawbacks of tree-dimensional motion analyses
  • account for biomechanical examination of running
  • account for storage and reuse of elastic energy in tendons
  • account for differences in vertical jumping with and without counter-movement
  • account for shock absorption when landing from a downward jump
  • describe mechanisms associated with short-range stiffness in muscles
  • account for H reflex studies during walking and running
  • evaluate the use of EMG to force processing
  • account for studies concerning efficiency and economy of movement

 

Skills

  • use of forward dynamic simulation as described in the literature
  • use of finite element (FE) modeling of bones

 

Competencies

  • be able to evaluate the scientific quality of scientific articles
  • present the contents of a scientific article for fellow students 

Single subject courses (day)

  • Category
  • Hours
  • Class Instruction
  • 75
  • Preparation
  • 196
  • Exam
  • 4
  • English
  • 275