Introduction to Mathematical Logic

Course content

First order logic, languages, models and examples. Formal deduction, deduction metatheorems, soundness, completeness and compactness, and applications of compactness. Recursion theory, computable functions on the natural numbers, Turing machines, recursively enumerable sets, and arithmetization of first order syntax. Basic axiomatic set theory, ordinals and cardinals.


MSc Programme in Mathematics

Learning outcome

Knowledge: By the end of the course, the student is expected to be able to explain the concepts of: a first order language; of a model of a first order language; of formal deduction; of a computable relation and function; arithmetization of first order syntax; the axioms of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory; ordinals and cardinals.

Skills: By the end of the course, the student must be able to define the satisfacation relation, account for the axioms of the deductive system, define the notion of recursive function, and prove that a repository of common functions and relations are recursive, including the coding of basic syntactical notions. The student must be able to prove the key theorems of the course, such as the deduction theorem, the soundness theorem, and the compactness theorem.

Competences: Use of first order languages and structures in mathematics, the formalization of proofs, the coding of syntactical notions in arithmetic. Use ordinal analysis and transfinite recursion.

4 hours lecture and 3 hours tutorials per week for 7 weeks.

7,5 ECTS
Type of assessment
Oral examination, 30 min
With 30 minutes preparation time
Only certain aids allowed

Notes and the text book.

Marking scale
7-point grading scale
Censorship form
No external censorship
Several internal examiners
Criteria for exam assessment

The student must in a satisfactory way demonstrate that he/she has mastered the learning outcome of the course.

Single subject courses (day)

  • Category
  • Hours
  • Lectures
  • 28
  • Theory exercises
  • 21
  • Preparation
  • 70
  • Exam
  • 40
  • Project work
  • 20
  • Colloquia
  • 21
  • Guidance
  • 4
  • Excursions
  • 2
  • English
  • 206