Macroecology and Community Ecology

Course content

Species’ distribution and abundance from community to global scale:

  • Basics: Species concepts, Biomes, Biogeography
  • The role of history, evolution, climate, climate change and biotic interactions in shaping diversity patterns
  • Spatial diversity gradients: Area, Latitude, Altitude/depth, Isolation, Habitat diversity, Productivity
  • Temporal diversity gradients: Geological, Geomorphological, Historical, Evolutionary and Ecological time scales
  • Community scale: Niches, Filters, Competition, Mutualism, Disturbance, Succession, Species pools
  • Macro scale: Diversity-stability, Diversity-productivity, Equilibrium theory, Geometrical constraints, Vicariance, Speciation
  • Testing: Experimentation, Simulation, Null models
Education

MSc Programme in Biology
MSc Programme in Agriculture
MSc Programme in Nature Management

Learning outcome

Knowledge:

  • Knowledge on diversity patterns of organisms from local to global scale
  • Understanding of the processes that determine species distributions and abundances
  • Operational understanding of theories on how communities are assembled


Skills:

  • Identify and describe diversity patterns from local to global scale
  • Suggest and investigate possible diversity pattern-shaping mechanisms
  • Evaluate, compare and elaborate theories behind diversity patterns
  • Apply and interpret relevant statistical tools and tests
  • Contribute on a scientific basis to debates concerning management of biodiversity in light of global changes in land-use and climate.


Competences:

  • Ability to evaluate theories about diversity patterns and processes
  • Ability to use and interpret relevant computational tools and test methods
  • Conceptual basis to contribute to management practice and opinion formation

Two weekly two hours lectures.
Three to five exercise hours that may be:
Readings of papers with submission of short essay
Operational exercises (mainly calculus)

See Absalon.

The course expands the bachelor courses Biodiversity and Conservation biology.

ECTS
7,5 ECTS
Type of assessment
Written examination, 4 hours under invigilation
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Aid
All aids allowed

NB: If the exam is held at the ITX, the ITX will provide computers. Private computer, tablet or mobile phone CANNOT be brought along to the exam. Books and notes should be brought on paper or saved on a USB key.

 

Marking scale
7-point grading scale
Censorship form
External censorship
Criteria for exam assessment

The grade 12 is given to solutions that fully demonstrate mastership of the abilities in the learning outcome of the course, combined with some original approaches. To obtain the grade 02 the solution must at least demonstrate knowledge to basic principles and approaches according to the subjects in the list.

Single subject courses (day)

  • Category
  • Hours
  • Exam
  • 4
  • Preparation
  • 139
  • Lectures
  • 28
  • Colloquia
  • 15
  • Practical exercises
  • 20
  • English
  • 206